FIFRA & EPA, key players in USA
The FIFRA (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act) provides the basis for the regulation, sale, distribution, and use of pesticides in the United States of America. FIFRA authorizes the EPA to review and register pesticides for specific uses. The EPA also has the authority to suspend or cancel the registration of a pesticide if the subsequent information shows that its continued use may pose unreasonable risks. Additionally, for state sale and use, state registration is required.
Within the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), the BPPD (Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division) is the body responsible for all regulatory activities related to biobased pesticides.
General data requirements for biopesticides include (subject to consultation with the EPA): product chemistry, mammalian toxicology, non-target organism testing, and product performance.